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*If
you would be a real seeker after truth, you must at least once in
your life doubt, as far as possible, all things.*

René
DesCartes*Discours* *de
la Méthode* (1637)

Classical Matter is a project devoted to science education. It is intended as a resource for students, educators, and others who are curious about our universe. The general purpose is to de-mystify science, offer sensible explanations of natural phenomena, refute popular myths, and promote evidence-based reasoning. Special emphasis is on the use of classical physical models and methods to explain properties of matter which are elsewhere deemed to be 'non-classical' , or counterintuitive. Topics include special and general relativity, spin 1/2 wave functions, and parity conservation. If you want to truly understand how modern physics relates to classical physics, then select Contents to see Resources and Links.

For educatonal videos, please visit: https://www.youtube.com/user/ClassicalMatter

For publications, visit VerumVersa.com.

Recent developments are:

**The
Wave Basis of Special Relativity***,
*by
Robert A. Close (published by Verum Versa)

- An explanation of WHY special relativity works, not just how it works.

Spin
Angular Momentum and the Dirac Equation (*EJTP*
12, No. 33
(2015) 43–60)

*(Corrections:
the last two terms of Eq. 39 should have indices swapped, and spin is
the total time derivative of the vector potential Q)*

- A unified explanation of classical and quantum angular momentum, including a proposed “equation of everything”:

**Is there an (a)ether?**

*There
is a weighty argument to be adduced in favour of the ether
hypothesis. To deny the ether is ultimately to assume that empty
space has no physical qualities whatever. The fundamental facts of
mechanics do not harmonize with this view. *

Albert Einstein 1920

*It
is necessary to set up an action principle and to get a Hamiltonian
formulation of the equations suitable for quantization purposes, and
for this the aether velocity is required. *

Paul Dirac 1952

*A space with
torsion and curvature can be generated from a Minkowski space via
singular coordinate transformations and is completely equivalent to a
crystal which has undergone plastic deformation being filled with
dislocations and disclinations. *

Hagan Kleinert 1989

*It has also been
shown that rotational waves in an isotropic continuous elastic solid
can be described within the formalism of the Dirac equation providing
a classical interpretation of relativistic quantum mechanics. ^{15}
*

P. A. Deymier, K.
Runge, N. Swinteck, and K. Muralidharan in *J. Appl. Phys.* **115**,
163510 (2014)

^{15}R. A.
Close, *Adv. Appl. Clifford Algebras* **21**, 273 (2011).

Classical Matter Logo:
Did you know
that Einstein's famous mass-energy formula *E=mc*^{2}
is actually a
special case of the Pythagorean Theorem? Einstein's 'mass' is
actually the rest mass *m*_{0}
times a
factor *γ*
(gamma) which
represents the ratio between the hypotenuse and the third side of a
right triangle. The hypotenuse is the speed of light (*c*),
the second side is particle velocity (*v*),
and the third side is *c*/*γ
*=(*c*^{2}-*v*^{2})^{1/2}.
The equation can also be written as:

*E*^{2
}*= m*_{0}^{2}*c*^{4
}+ *p*^{2}*c*^{2}

where
*p=**γ*
*m*_{0}*v*
is the
particle momentum and *E*
is the
energy. In terms of wave variables:

^{ .}^{2}^{
}ω^{2
}*=
m*_{0}^{2}*c*^{4
}+
^{2}*c*^{2}*k*^{2}

with
angular
frequency *ω*
and wave
number *k*
representing
wave propagation, and the mass term represents oscillation without
propagation.

If you would like to add an
educational resource or link, comment on existing resources or links,
or sponsor this site, please contact Robert Close at
robert.close@classicalmatter.org.

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Created: February 27, 2006;
Last updated:

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2006-